Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Rohtas
Bihar Agricultural University, Sabour, Bhagalpur

DISTRICT AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF ROHTAS

Rohtas

The Socio-economic and Agricultural Profile of Rohtas district

Rohtas district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar State. It is a part of Patna Division, and has an area of 3850 km², a population of 29,59,918 (2011 census). The language spoken in this district is Bhojpuri. The administrative headquarters of the district, Sasaram, is a place of historical importance. Another important symbol of national pride are the parallel bridges built over the Sone River– one for road and another for railway. The road bridge (Jawahar Setu over Sone was the longest (3061 m) in Asia until it was surpassed by the Mahatma Gandhi setu (5475 m) over the river Ganga at Patna. Nehru Setu, the railway bridge is the second longest railway bridge in India. It  is also home to the Rohtasgarh fort, which was one of the strongest forts in the medieval age. The present district of Rohtas formed a part of the Magadh Empire since 6th B.C. to 5th Century A.D. under the pre Mauryans.  Rohtas District was created in 1972 for the sake of administrative convenience by splitting up the earlier district of Shahabad. Bhojpur and Buxar districts on north, on the south Plamu and Garwah districts, on the east Aurangabad and part of Gaya district and on the west Kaimur district surround Rohtas.

                The district is famous for agricultural purposes mainly in the productivity of paddy and wheat crops and also known as Bowl of rice (Dhan ka Katora) in the State of Bihar. Rohtas has a fairly good system of road communication. The Grand Trunk Road traverses within the district. It serves as the main road link between Kolkatta and Delhi. It has undoubtedly been this high diversity within its boundaries that has so often made Rohtas in the frontier line of Indian civilization.

ROHTAS AT A GLANCE

Sl.No

Description

Statistics

1

District Head Quarters

SASARAM

2

District Establishment

1972

3

Latitude

24030'-25025' (N)

4

Longitude

83045'-84022' (E)

5

Climate of the District

Extreme Type

6

Temperature

Max. - 450 C Min. - 100C

7

 No. of Subdivision

3

8

 No. of Block

19

9

Total No. of Panchayat

244

10

Total No. of Village

2088

11

Total No. of Urban Area

6

12

Total Population

2450748

13

Total Male Population

1283485

14

Total Female Population

1167263

15

Total Urban Population

347632

16

Total Rural Population

2103116

17

Total SC Population

444333

18

Total Male SC Population

233512

19

Total Female SC Population

210821

20

Total ST Population

25663

21

Total Male ST Population

13479

22

Total Female ST Population

12184

23

Total Literate Population

1205287

24

Total Male Literate Population

779613

25

Total Female Literate Population

425674

26

Total Illiterate Population

1245461

27

Total Male Illiterate Population

503872

28

Total Female Illiterate Population

741589

29

Density of Population (Per Square Km.)

636

30

Sex Ratio (Per thousand male)

909

31

Total Work Force

744183

32

Total Male Work Force

586312

33

Total Female Work Force

157871

34

Total Main Worker

54731

35

Total Male Main Worker

48962

36

Total Female Main Worker

60769

37

Total Agriculture labour

153371

38

Total Agriculture Male labour

81212

39

Agriculture Female labour

72158

40

 No of Rice Mile

68

41

 No. of Seeds Shop

18

42

 Area of land (in hectare)

390736

43

Area of Agricultural land (in hectare)

242832

44

Area of Non- Agricultural land ( in Hectare)

15271

45

Area of Forest land ( in hectare)

70211

46

Area of Irrigated land ( in hectare)

192365

1. By Canal

163686

2. By Boring

22069

3. By lift

485

4. By Others

6125

47

Area of Non-Irrigated land (in hectare)

50467

48

Area of land depend of rainfall (in hectare)

1450

49

Agriculture labour

153371

50

Normal Rainfall in District in mm

1076.8

51

No of whole sales Dealers of fertilizer

31

52

No. of Retailer of Fertilizer

493



Agricultural profile of District

Agro-Climatic/Ecological Zone
Agro Ecological Sub Region (ICAR) Northern Plain, Hot Subsumid (Dry) Eco sub región (9.2) Agro-Climatic Zone (Planning Commission) Middle Gangetic Plain Region (IV)
Agro Climatic Zone (NARP) South Bihar Alluvial Plain Zone (III-B) Name and address of the nearest Agromet Field Unit (AMFU, IMD) for agro-advisories in the Zone Regional Research Sub-station, Bikramganj
Rainfall Normal RF (mm)(Avg. of last 10 years) Normal Rainy days (no.)(Avg. of last 10 years) Normal Onset( specify week and month) Normal Cessation(specify week and month)
SW monsoon (June-Sep): 624.9 41 2nd week of June 2nd week of October
NE Monsoon(Oct-Dec) .0 3 - -
Winter (Jan- March) .0 3 - -
Summer (Apr-May) 36.8 3 - -
Annual 746.6 38 - -


Land use pattern of the district Geographical area Cultivable area Forest area Cultivable wasteland Barren anduncultivable land Other fallows
Area (‘000 ha) 337.69 231.88 59.81 9.07 10.37 28


Major Soils Area (‘000 ha) % of total
Old alluvium- Redddish yellow-Rellowish Brown Soils (Loamy) 102 43.9
Old alluvium-Grey- Greyish yellow- heavy soil (Clay loam) 82 35.3
New alluvium- Non calcareous- Non Saline – Yellowish Red soils (Sandy loam) 44 15.9


Agricultural land use Area (‘000 ha) Cropping intensity %
Net sown area 231.8 167.1
Area sown more than once 155.7
Gross cropped area 387.6


Irrigation Area (‘000 ha)
Net irrigated area 79.00
Gross irrigated area 188.46


Source : District Agriculture Office, Rohtas